Accessible Paths of Travel through Parking Lots
American Council of the Blind
This organization urges the adoption of the standards within ANSI 507, and also ultimately as a part of the Americans with Disabilities Act regarding accessible routes located adjacent and parallel to vehicular drives and wheel stops for parking spaces immediately adjacent to the accessible walkway.
WHEREAS, pedestrians with disabilities are afforded equal access to public facilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act; and
WHEREAS, the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) define an accessible route as a "continuous, unobstructed path of travel;" and
WHEREAS, ADAAG 206.2.1 requires that "at least one accessible route shall be provided within the boundary of the site from public transportation stops, accessible parking spaces, passenger loading zones, and public streets and sidewalks, to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve;" and
WHEREAS, vehicular movement in parking lots tends to be unpredictable and erratic, and motorists often experience obstructed sight lines; and
WHEREAS, the need to cross and maintain alignment through parking lots to access entrances to buildings or facilities places pedestrians who are blind or visually impaired in a difficult and unsafe travel situation; and
WHEREAS, parking lots therefore become barriers preventing pedestrians who are visually impaired or blind from using fixed-route transit or walking to and from many buildings or facilities; and
WHEREAS, physically separated pathways through parking lots would increase access and safety for all pedestrians; and
WHEREAS, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is considering modifications to Section 507 concerning accessible paths of travel through parking lots;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the American Council of the Blind in convention assembled on the 11th day of July, 2013, at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Columbus, Ohio, that this organization urge the adoption of the following standards within ANSI 507, and also ultimately as a part of the Americans with Disabilities Act:
Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG):
Accessible routes located adjacent and parallel to vehicular drives shall be separated from the vehicular drive by one or more of the following:
- A vertical change in level of 4 inches, minimum.
- Barriers or railings.
- Landscape area.
Where parking spaces are immediately adjacent to the accessible walkway, wheel stops shall be required. Barriers used to separate an accessible route from the vehicular drive shall comply with the current Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) requirements."
Marlaina Lieberg, Secretary